Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens
) is a rounded to broad-rounded broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree that is native to southern Europe, northern Africa and western Asia, but is found worldwide.
- Shape: Rounded
- Type: Evergreen foliage
- Height: 15 to 20 ft
- Leaves: Dark green; glossy; ovate to elliptic shaped; alternately along the stems, with entire margins.
- Flowers: Inconspicuous, clusters of small, pale yellow flowers that bloom in spring.
- Fruit: Pale green to brown fruit capsules in the summer; appear in clusters. Fruits ripen from August to September and contain glossy black seeds.
- Bark: Light green or light gray; blocky or smooth
- Root: Dense, cordate root system that grows both deep and wide.
All parts of boxwood is poisonous, especially the bark and leaves, if eaten in large quantities.