Scientific Name:
Buxus sempervirens
steroidal alkaloids
Flower Color:
gardens, screen, hedges, upland, woodlands, ornamental

Geographical Distribution

Boxwood distribution - United States


Buxus sempervirens

Common box, Boxtree, european box
5/ 10
Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) is a rounded to broad-rounded broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree that is native to southern Europe, northern Africa and western Asia, but is found worldwide.

Boxwood characteristics:
  • Shape: Rounded
  • Type: Evergreen foliage
  • Height: 15 to 20 ft
  • Leaves: Dark green; glossy; ovate to elliptic shaped; alternately along the stems, with entire margins.
  • Flowers: Inconspicuous, clusters of small, pale yellow flowers that bloom in spring.
  • Fruit: Pale green to brown fruit capsules in the summer; appear in clusters. Fruits ripen from August to September and contain glossy black seeds.
  • Bark: Light green or light gray; blocky or smooth
  • Root: Dense, cordate root system that grows both deep and wide.
Toxic components
All parts of boxwood is poisonous, especially the bark and leaves, if eaten in large quantities.