Drimia spp are bulbous perennials which have a basal rosette of leaves and a tall flowering stalk with numerous small white flowers along the top.
All parts of Drimia spp contain bufadienolide cardiac glycosides, which are highly toxic. Poisoning by ingestion of these plants is referred to as "slangkop" poisoning in South Africa, and is attributed to ingestion of Drimia sanguinea ("Transvaal slangkop").
Clinical signs associated with cardiac-glycoside containing plants are generally related to either the cardiovascular system or the GI tract.
- abdominal pain
- deterioration of myocardial function
- sudden death