Family:
Apiaceae
Scientific Name:
Heracleum mantegazzianum
Toxins:
phenolics
Flower Color:
Found:
roadsides, fields, waterside

Geographical Distribution

Giant hogweed distribution - United States

Giant Hogweed

Heracleum mantegazzianum

Giant cow parsnip, Cartwheel flower, Wild rhubarb, Wild parsnip
4/ 10
Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum) is a large perennial weed that can reach heights of 15-20 feet. It tends to form dense canopies and has dark reddish-purple spotted stems covered with fine bristles, and leaf stalks with compound leaves which can expand outward 5 feet from the stem. The flowers are broad, flat-topped umbels of numerous small white flowers which extend 2.5 feet in diameter. Giant hogweed takes at least 3 years to produce its first flowering stalk.

Toxic components
Giant hogweed causes photosensitivity upon contact and subsequent exposure to sunlight. The plant exudes a clear watery sap which contains several photosensitizing furanocoumarins; several of which are known to be carcinogenic and teratogenic. The leaves and roots have the highest concentrations of toxins, during the early part of the growing season.

Symptoms

  • photosensitvity

Control

MECHANICAL CONTROL: Control of small groups can be done with hand tools. Never use a weed whacker, as it will create uncontrollable sprays of the toxic sap.

CHEMICAL CONTROL: Herbicides with triclopyr or glyphosates.

References