Family:
Papaveraceae
Scientific Name:
Argemone mexicana
Toxins:
alkaloids
Flower Color:
Found:
roadsides, riverbanks, cultivated lands, disturbed areas, ornamental, floodplains

Geographical Distribution

Ground mexican poppy  distribution - United States

Ground Mexican Poppy

Argemone mexicana

Mexican poppy, Mexican prickly poppy, Satyanashi , Flowering thistle, cardo, cardosanto
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Ground mexican poppy (Argemone mexicana) is a species of poppy from the Papaveraceae family. It is a hardy, drought-tolerant plant that is native to Mexico, and found often in the western United States and throughout Mexico. It has branched stems and usually extremely prickly. It exudes a yellow juice when cut and produces showy yellow flowers.

Toxic components
All parts of A. mexicana are toxic if consumed by poultry. The plant contains isoquinoline alkaloids, dehydrocorydalmine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, and oxyberberine. The seeds contain 22-36% argemone oil which contains the toxic alkaloids sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine.