Family:
Solanaceae
Scientific Name:
Solanum lycopersicum
Toxins:
glycoalkoloids
Flower Color:
Found:
landscapes, gardens

Geographical Distribution

Tomato distribution - United States

Tomato

Solanum lycopersicum

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The tomato plant (Solanum lycopersicum) originated in Central and South America and is a member of the nightshade (Solanaceae) family. The plants grow as vines, in a series of branching stems.

Toxic components
The leaves and stems of the tomato plant are the toxic parts, which contain glycoalkoloids, specifically solanine and demissine. Birds would need to eat large amounts to start showing signs of poisoning (approximately 2.5 mg of parts of the plant per kg of body weight).