Family:
Loganiaceae
Scientific Name:
Gelsemium sempervirens
Toxins:
alkaloids
Flower Color:
Found:
gardens, ornamental, woodlands, roadsides, fields

Geographical Distribution

Carolina jasmine distribution - United States

Carolina Jasmine

Gelsemium sempervirens

Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, evening trumpetflower
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Carolina jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens is a highly toxic, but beautiful, trailing woody vine that grows in the coastal and Piedmont areas of the Carolinas. It is found in bluffs to swamps throughout the Southeastern United States, most frequently seen along fence lines, open woods and roadsides. G. sempervirens produces small clusters of fragrant yellow, showy trumpet-shaped flowers late winter to early spring. G. sempervirens is the South Carolina state flower.

There are previous reported cases of losses of over 6,000 birds due to ingestion of yellow jessamine in North Carolina.

Toxic components
All parts of G. sempervirens are toxic to poultry, however the rhizomes have the highest amount of toxins. The plant parts contain strychnine-related alkaloids gelsemine, gelseminine and sempervirine.