Scientific Name:
Lobelia cardinalis
pyridine alkaloids
Flower Color:
fields, waterside, woodlands, roadsides, wet meadows, ornamental

Geographical Distribution

Cardinal flower distribution - United States

Cardinal Flower

Lobelia cardinalis

Indian pink, asthma weed, gag root, ndian tobacco, puke weed, wild tobacco, high belia
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Lobelia cardinalis also known as cardinal flower, is an erect annual or perennial herb which is native to the Americas. It has tubular flowers which may be blue, pink, white, yellow, or red with distinctive petals--two small petals opposed by three large petals. Wild L. cardinalis grows along damp areas such as river banks, swamps, and wetlands.

Toxic components
All parts of the plant are toxic to birds, as they contain fourteen different pyridine alkaloids.


  • tremors
  • weakness
  • hyperexcitability
  • increased respiratory rate
  • diarrhea
  • salivation
  • dilation of pupils
  • convulsions
  • death